Almost nothing new

The most valuable insights are both general and surprising. F = ma for example. But general and surprising is a hard combination to achieve. That territory tends to be picked clean, precisely because those insights are so valuable.

Because these start out so general, you only need a small delta of novelty to produce a useful insight.

A small delta of novelty is all you’ll be able to get most of the time. Which means if you take this route your ideas will seem a lot like ones that already exist. Sometimes you’ll find you’ve merely rediscovered an idea that did already exist. But don’t be discouraged. Remember the huge multiplier that kicks in when you do manage to think of something even a little new.

It’s not true that there’s nothing new under the sun. There are some domains where there’s almost nothing new. But there’s a big difference between nothing and almost nothing, when it’s multiplied by the area under the sun.

— General and Surprising

— Paul Graham

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2018.04.22 Sunday ACHK

Euler Formula

Exponential, 2
 

a^x

general exponential increase ~ the effects are cumulative
 
e^x

natural exponential increase ~ every step has immediate and cumulative effects

— Me@2014-10-29 04:44:51 PM
 

exponent growth

e^x = \lim_{n \to \infty} \left(1 + \frac{x}{n}\right)^n

~ compound interest effects with infinitesimal time intervals
 

multiply -1

~ rotate to the opposite direction

(rotate the position vector of a number on the real number line to the opposite direction)

~ rotate 180 degrees
 

multiply i

~ rotate to the perpendicular direction

~ rotate 90 degrees
 

For example, the complex number (3, 0) times i equals (0, 3):

3 \times i = 3 i
(3, 0) (0, 1) = (0, 3)
 

multiplying i

~ change the direction to the one perpendicular to the current moving direction

(current moving direction ~ the direction of a number’s position vector)
 

exponential growth with an imaginary amount

e^{i \theta} = \lim_{n \to \infty} \left( 1 + \frac{i \theta}{n} \right)^n

~ change the direction to the one perpendicular to the current moving direction continuously

~ rotate \theta radians

— Me@2016-06-05 04:04:13 PM
 
 
 
2016.06.08 Wednesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

Inception 11

如何拯救眾生 4

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Inception contains most of the important topics I have thought of in these few months:

1. Multi-mind

2. Layers of consciousness

3. Dream time

4. Lucid dream

5. Idea/software as a way to save Earth people

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The deeper the consciousness, the more powerful it is.

The deepest layer is the Light.

The Light of everyone is the same.

— Me@2010.08.06

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人同此心,心同此理

— Me@2010.08.09

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2011.01.15 Saturday (c) ACHK

Inception 4.2

潛行凶間 4.2 | 如何拯救眾生 5.2 | 無限複製 5.2

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What’s the most resilient parasite? An Idea. A single idea from the human mind can build cities. An idea can transform the world and rewrite all the rules. Which is why I have to steal it.

— Inception (film)

— Me@2010.07.30

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2011.01.20 Thursday ACHK

Inception 4.1

潛行凶間 4.1 | 如何拯救眾生 5.1 | 無限複製 5.1

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What’s the most resilient parasite? A bacteria? A virus? An intestinal worm?

An idea.

Resilient, highly contagious. Once an idea’s taken hold in the brain it’s almost impossible to eradicate. A person can cover it up, ignore it – but it stays there.

Information, yes. But an idea? Fully formed, understood? That sticks… (taps forehead) In there, somewhere.

— Inception (film)

— Me@2011.01.18

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2011.01.18 Tuesday ACHK

如何拯救眾生 2

How to improve the world indefinitely?

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There is law of conservation of energy.
There is law of conservation of mass.
But, there is no law of conservation of ideas.

能量守恆,
質量守恆,
意念不守恆,
程式可以無限複製.

— Me

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If you have an apple and I have an apple, and we exchange apples, we both still only have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea, and we exchange ideas, we each now have two ideas.

— George Bernard Shaw

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. . . it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he keeps it to himself; but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself into the possession of every one, and the receiver cannot dispossess himself of it. Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.

That ideas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and benevolently designed by nature, …

— Thomas Jefferson

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2008.10.21 Tuesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

如何拯救眾生 1

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The meeting of two personalities is like the contact of two chemical substances: if there is any reaction, both are transformed. — Carl Jung

Generalized Newton’s Third Law: You cannot change others without being changed. — John Wheeler

改變別人時, 你也會被改變. — Me

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You are an A person. You befriend with an F person. The result is that your friend becomes a better person, you become a worse person. In theory, you become a C person. Your friend becomes a C person. In practice, since being a bad person is much easier than being a good person, you two will become both F people. — Me

無友不如己者. — 孔子

Be slow in making friends, slower in changing. — Benjamin Franklin

You have to know how to accept rejection and reject acceptance. — Ray Bradbury

If you hire all A people, he said, they’ll also hire A people. But if you hire B people, they’ll hire the C people and then it’s all over. — Joel Spolsky

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So that means you cannot help anyone weaker than you?

NO.

Instead, you should help others. But you have to help others in a smart way. — Me

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How?

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. . . it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he keeps it to himself; but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself into the possession of every one, and the receiver cannot dispossess himself of it. Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.

— Thomas Jefferson

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2008.10.22 Wednesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

Market price 2

Joel Spolsky

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Livingston: If people have to pay more, they take the product more seriously?

Spolsky: Definitely. There was a five-user license that was like $199, and that just feels like shareware, practically. But today, when you say that a ten-user license is $999, it starts to feel like a more substantial product. In that market, it still is actually a good deal. But you really have to have a price point that conveys what you think the product positioning should be. Many people will judge where your product fits in the market based on its price.

— Joel Spolsky, Cofounder, Fog Creek Software

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2010.11.23 Tuesday ACHK

Permission marketing

Permission marketing is a term popularized by Seth Godin (but found earlier) used in marketing in general and e-marketing specifically. The undesirable opposite of permission marketing is interruption marketing. Marketers obtain permission before advancing to the next step in the purchasing process. For example, they ask permission to send email newsletters to prospective customers.

— Wikipedia on Permission marketing

You need to make cold calls because you do not know how to make warm calls.

— Me@2011.07.05

2014.08.08 Friday ACHK

點石成金

這段改編自 2010 年 4 月 10 日的對話。

(安:最近,我們才有稍為詳細的對話。在和你對話之前,我一路不知道,在很多情境之下,我自己其實沒有問題。問題在於其他人。)

什麼情境?

(安:在工作環境中,有時需要解釋一些東西予同事聽。一部分情況下,當我耐心地講完後,那位同事竟然一句也不明白,半句也不同意。那樣,我就覺得很震撼:「我明明是講得很詳細和清晰,為什麼他接收不到呢?」

該同事會直情會去到一個地步,覺得自己在任何情況下,也不可能有錯,亦不可能有東西不知道。

然後,我又會很自責:「會不會是我自以為詳細清晰,實質表達欠佳?」

直到最近和你對話,你提醒了我,其實這個星球,是一個精神病院,我才發覺,根本大部分地球人,都是愚中帶蠢的,我才不再那麼內疚,因為,大部分人聽不明白我的說話,未必是我的錯。)

對於初中或以下的人而言,大部分是可教的。對於高中或以上的人來說,大部分也是不可教的。你是例外,因為你以這個年紀,竟然仍會接受,別人的教導。

面對一些可教的人,我有「點石成金」的教學功力。「點石成金」在這裡的意思是,以一夕話的時間,解決你起碼一個知識的障礙,或者長久的心結。

如果我開一間補習社,它的名字將會是,「點石成金補習社」。

— Me@2014.06.17

2014.06.18 Wednesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

Free Software 5

自由軟體 5 | Consultant 2

Paying represents a recognition of value. Paying is a declaration of commitment.

Without enough payment, people in general will not commit enough time to fully utilize a product. 

— Me@2011.03.17

Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of free as in free speech, not as in free beer.

— Richard Stallman

Free software does not have to be free. Free software does not have to be cheap.

Free Software Foundation sold each Emacs copy for 100 dollars.

— based on my memory of a Richard Stallman’s speech in Hong Kong

[The “$100” may be incorrect. But spirit of the whole paragraph is intact.]

— Me@2013.07.17

2013.07.19 Friday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

月黑高飛 2.1

The Shawshank Redemption, 2.1 | 尋找下一步 1.9

這段改編自 2010 年 4 月 3 日的對話。

剛才,我回答你的問題時,提到:

留意,你的「第二工作」,一定要有「永恆價值」,你才可能得到,真正的長久快樂,……

即使那份「第二工作」,「只是」你的「興趣」,如果不會造成 real consequence(長遠後果),你就不會有心機,亦不會提起勁,去不斷發展它,……

所以,如果你打算透過你的「第二工作」,例如編寫手機程式,去賺取外快,你就要保證,它可以達到以下兩項要求。一方面,你的「第二工作」,一定要能夠長久帶來額外收入。另一方面,那些額外收入,必須兼備一個,足夠高的增長速度,令到你有機會在合理的時間之內,例如三年,脫離你現在厭惡的維生正職。

如果你的「第二工作」,可以附帶這個「人生進化」的前景,你的「機會成本評價系統」,就會自動將你的身心,調節到提得起勁,去透過那份「第二工作」,建構你的個人事業。而你對現在「第一工作」的厭惡程度,亦會大大減低,因為,你知道你的「第一工作」,只是你人生中的過客。

當然,到你三年後成功「工作逃獄」,完全從事自己的事業時,你都會有原本的「無限旅程」問題。你腦袋中的「自我虐待系統」,又會出來追問:

So what?

咁又點呢?

那又怎樣?

但是,那時,你已經有一些無懈可擊的答案。

第一,新的工作是你自己選擇,然後逐步建構出來的,所以你一定非常喜歡。那樣,它會為你長久的快樂。

第二,新的工作竟然,可以由三年前的「副業」身份,幻化成現在的正職,證明它可持續發展。換而言之,它本身就內置了,至少一個「無限旅程」。「變成了正職」,從來也不是它的終點。

第三,最重要的是,那時候,你再不只代表你自己。你的身份,除了是「自己」之外,還有是「一間公司」。你考慮自己的人生意義之餘,亦會從公司的角度出發,去不斷尋找「改善世界」的下一步。這就是最重要的「無限旅程」。

— Me@2013.07.17

2013.07.17 Wednesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

時空膠紙 1.5

尋找下一步 1.8 | Meaningful 11.8

這段改編自 2010 年 4 月 3 日的對話。

讀書時代的「成績」,有類似的「時空膠紙」功用。例如,我最終不是做數學家,所以學那麼多的高深數學,對我並沒有直接的用途。但是,我仍有極大的動機,去磨練我的數學,因為,如果我能在考試中得到好成績,我入大學的機會就大很多。學術帶來成績;成績引發前途。

「成績」,就即是可以「保存」、可以「累積」的東西。

讀事時代的因果缺憾,遠不及事業時代的多。需要用到「時空膠紙」的情況,自然亦會較少。

第一,有些科目對一般人來說,會有直接的用途;毋須任何「時空膠紙」,也應起勁去讀,例如語文科目。

第二,有些科目對超能人而言,會有直接的用途。例如,有部分年輕人真的想做數學家、物理學家 或 工程師。那樣,數學科對他們就有天然的意義。

第三,即使沒有直接的用途,年輕人除了「成績」外,還有其他的「時空膠紙」可以選擇,或者同時使用。「成績」並不是唯一的「時空膠紙」。

即使不是作對應的專業人士,對於透過學習(例如)數學科,「成績」以外,你還可以得到「學問」和「智力」。

學問方面,數學中的部分知識,其實會在日常生活中實際用到。智力方面,學習數學的過程中,所激發出來的額外思考層次,一生受用 —— 幾乎可以應用在,任何的上文下理。

人生旅程中,只會有很少的情況,智力完全沒有任何用途。

— Me@2013.07.14

2013.07.14 Sunday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK