A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems. Originally proposed by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) as a method of recovery from alcoholism, the Twelve Steps were first published in the 1939 book Alcoholics Anonymous: The Story of How More Than One Hundred Men Have Recovered from Alcoholism. The method was adapted and became the foundation of other twelve-step programs.
As summarized by the American Psychological Association, the process involves the following:
– admitting that one _cannot_ control one’s alcoholism, addiction or compulsion;
– recognizing a higher power that can give strength;
– examining past errors with the help of a sponsor (experienced member);
– making amends for these errors;
– learning to live a new life with a new code of behavior;
– helping others who suffer from the same alcoholism, addictions or compulsions.
— Wikipedia on Twelve-step program
We cannot change anything until we accept it. Condemnation does not liberate, it oppresses.
— Carl Jung
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