The 4 bugs of quantum mechanics popular, 1.2

The common quantum mechanics “paradoxes” are induced by 4 main misunderstandings.

1.  A wave function is of a particle. Wrong.

2.1  A system's wave function exists in physical spacetime. Wrong.

So a wave function (for a particular variable) is an intrinsic property of a system. It is a mathematical property, not a physical state, of the physical system (the experimental setup). It does not evolve in time.

A wave function looks like evolving in physical time because it is a (mathematical) function of time.

But being a mathematical function of time only means that you can use the wave function to calculate the probabilities of a physical variable having different particular values at different times.


An electromagnetic wave mathematical equation, which does not exist in physical spacetime, has its corresponding physical wave—-electromagnetic wave, which exists in physical spacetime.

However, a quantum wave function mathematical equation has no corresponding physical wave.

A wave function encodes a probability distribution; it can only correspond to a probability distribution, which is also a mathematical entity only.

A probability distribution can be a function of space and time. But that does not mean that the probability distribution exists in physical spacetime.

Any wave physical, such as electromagnetic wave, can be measured by a physical device.

In a sense, you cannot change a wave function; you can only replace it with another by replacing the physical system with another.

So whether the wave function of a variable is in superposition is an intrinsic property of a system, decided by the experiment’s designer.

Also, because of the existence of incompatible variable pairs, for any system, there must be some variables in a superposition, while others not.

— Me@2022-02-20 06:44:32 AM



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