Functional programming jargon in plain English

mjburgess 11 days ago | next [–]

These definitions don’t really give you the idea, rather often just code examples..
“The ideas”, in my view:

Monoid = units that can be joined together
Functor = context for running a single-input function
Applicative = context for multi-input functions
Monad = context for sequence-dependent operations
Lifting = converting from one context to another
Sum type = something is either A or B or C…
Product type = a record
= something is both A and B and C
Partial application = defaulting an argument to a function
Currying = passing some arguments later
= rephrasing a function to return a functions of n-1 arguments when given 1, st. the final function will compute the desired result
EDIT: Context = compiler information that changes how the program will be interpreted (, executed, compiled,…)
Eg., context = run in the future, run across a list, redirect the i/o, …

— Functional programming jargon in plain English

— Hacker News

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Currying and partial function application are often conflated. One of the significant differences between the two is that a call to a partially applied function returns the result right away, not another function down the currying chain; this distinction can be illustrated clearly for functions whose arity is greater than two.

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Partial application can be seen as evaluating a curried function at a fixed point, e.g. given \displaystyle{f\colon (X\times Y\times Z)\to N} and \displaystyle{a\in X} then

\displaystyle{{\text{curry}}({\text{partial}}(f)_{a})(y)(z)={\text{curry}}(f)(a)(y)(z)}

or simply

\displaystyle{{\text{partial}}(f)_{a}={\text{curry}}_{1}(f)(a)}

where \displaystyle{{\text{curry}}_{1}} curries \displaystyle{f}‘s first parameter.

— Wikipedia on Currying

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2022.07.16 Saturday ACHK