兩次測驗

有兩次測驗︰

第一次測驗前沒有溫習,

第二次測驗前溫了習。

不知怎樣,第二次的成績反而差過第一次。

為什麼溫了習反而會得較低分﹖

第一,這種情況不是每次都發生。最多只能說,有時溫了習會較低分,有時溫了習會較高分。不能說,任何情況下溫習都會降低分數。

哪為什麼有時溫了習反而會得較低分﹖

第二,事物通則︰物極必反,過猶不及。任何事情做得過量就會有反效果。溫習適量,對成績有提昇。溫習過量,對成績有傷害。

為什麼呢﹖

溫習是建立知識的過程,好像建立一幢大廈一樣。最初是起鋼筋。當大廈已經有足夠鋼筋時,你就應該建外牆。建了外牆後,就要加內部結構,如此類推。

最後,大廈內部要有空間給人住,給人活動。大廈的內部如果都有鋼筋的話,只會破壞大廈應有的格局,阻礙住客的活動。

溫習適量,意思是(該次測驗的)知識結構已經建立好。建立好了,就應該停止”輸入資料式的溫習”(鋼筋)。改為鞏固腦有內已有的知識(加外牆)。例如︰做練習,背誦重要的句子,或背誦公式等。甚至只是”休息”, 讓大腦(潛意識)自動整理已有的知識。

測驗時,大體有兩類題目。

第一種是書中已有的東西,考驗你記憶力,考驗你有沒有溫習。

第二種是書中沒有明言的東西,考驗你的創意,考驗你能否將知識融會貫通。

溫習過量的話,會破壞知識應有的格局,阻礙思考,令創意沒有發揮的空間。

遇到第二種題目的話,你將會未必想到解決的方法。

哪怎樣可以知道溫習是過少,適量,還是過多﹖

你自己會自然知道的︰

當你越溫越自信時,你就應該繼續溫。

當你越溫越惶恐時,即是你的溫習已經過量。你的溫習正在破壞你剛建立好的知識結構。你應該停止。

第三, “有心栽花花不香, 無心插柳柳成蔭。”

想像以下兩情況︰

一, 當你沒有溫習的情況下去測驗,不祈望高分,只求盡力而為,拿得一分得一分。

二, 當你有溫習的情況下去測驗,祈望高分。

比較這兩種情況,有些時候(不是任何時候),第一種情況會得到較高分。

原因有二︰

一, 當你祈望一定要高分時,你會較緊張,創意會較低。

二, 不懂權衡輕重︰有時祈望每題也十全十美,你會花過多時間去做開頭的題目,力臻完美,導致沒有足夠時間做其他的題目。

哪應該怎樣做才達致最高分數﹖

不要第一、二種情況,要第三。

一。 當你沒有溫習的情況下去測驗,不祈望高分,只求盡力而為,拿得一分得一分。

二。 當你有溫習的情況下去測驗,祈望高分。

三。 當你有適量溫習的情況下去測驗,不祈望高分,只求盡力而為,拿得一分得一分。

要達致這種心理狀態, 不一定很容易。要反覆練習。

“把手緊握 什麼都沒有 把手放開 你得到一切” — 臥虎藏龍

— Me@2009.05.27

2010.01.12 Tuesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK

Half an Hour 2

Timetable for high school study 3

30 minutes Maths: Recently learnt materials
30 minutes Maths: Recently learnt materials
30 minutes Maths: Exam paper training
30 minutes Maths: Exam paper training
30 minutes Maths: Old chapters
30 minutes Maths: Old chapters

The second benefit is that you can be more concentrated.

To concentrate for a long period is not easy. If you expect yourself to concentrate for 3 hours, more likely than not, you will not be able to do it. Then, time will be wasted and a sense of guilt will be created. However, if you expect yourself to have only 30 minutes of concentration, you will probably be able to do it.

Within each half an hour, you should not allow yourself to anything other than revision, such as

1. going to the washroom

2. taking food to eat

3. replying phone calls

Whatever come up in your mind, just write them down. Do not do them within that 30-minute time slot unless there is some emergency, such as a fire.

Most important of all,

4. do not read the watch or clock.

Whenever you read the watch, your chain of thoughts is broken. Without reading the watch or clock, how can you know when the end of each time slot is? Use an alarm watch.

After each 30-minute time slot, you should allow yourself to have 5 minutes of rest:

30 minutes Maths: Recently learnt materials
5 minutes
30 minutes Maths: Recently learnt materials
5 minutes
30 minutes Maths: Exam paper training
5 minutes
30 minutes Maths: Exam paper training
5 minutes
30 minutes Maths: Old chapters
5 minutes
30 minutes Maths: Old chapters
5 minutes

Within each 5-minute slot, you can do the things which are not allowed to do in the 30-minute slots, such as replying phone calls. When 5 minutes is over, concentrate to study for another 30 minutes.

If you keep implementing concentrated 30-minute time slots, after 6 time slots, totally you will have concentrated for 3 hours. Being concentrated for 30 minutes 6 times is much easier than being concentrated for 3 hours 1 time.

2010.01.12 Tuesday (c) All rights reserved by ACHK